ISSN 0253-2778

CN 34-1054/N

Open AccessOpen Access JUSTC Mathematics

Simultaneous inference for a high-dimensional precision matrix

Cite this:
https://doi.org/10.52396/JUSTC-2022-0004
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  • Author Bio:

    Wenjie Gao is currently a master student at the School of Management, University of Science and Technology of China (USTC). He received his B.S. degree from USTC in 2019. His research interests focus on high-dimensional variable selection and inference

    Jie Wu is currently a Ph.D. student at the School of Management, University of Science and Technology of China. She received her B.S. degree from Anhui University of Technology in 2017. Her research mainly focuses on high-dimensional variable selection and classification

  • Corresponding author: E-mail: wu12jie@mail.ustc.edu.cn
  • Received Date: 06 January 2022
  • Accepted Date: 28 February 2022
  • Gaussian graphical models have been widely used for network data analysis. Although various methods exist for estimating the parameters, simultaneous inference is essential for graphical models. In this study, we propose a bootstrap procedure to conduct simultaneous inference for Gaussian graphical models. The simultaneous inference procedure is applied to large-scale graphical models and allows the dimension of the parameter vector of interest to exceed the sample size. We prove that the simultaneous test achieves a pre-set significance level asymptotically. Further simulation studies demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed methods.
    The method, theorem and simulation study of the simultaneous inference for a high-dimensional precision matrix.
    Gaussian graphical models have been widely used for network data analysis. Although various methods exist for estimating the parameters, simultaneous inference is essential for graphical models. In this study, we propose a bootstrap procedure to conduct simultaneous inference for Gaussian graphical models. The simultaneous inference procedure is applied to large-scale graphical models and allows the dimension of the parameter vector of interest to exceed the sample size. We prove that the simultaneous test achieves a pre-set significance level asymptotically. Further simulation studies demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed methods.
    • We propose a bootstrap procedure to conduct simultaneous inference for Gaussian graphical models.
    • The procedure is applied to large-scale graphical models and allows the dimension of the parameter vector of interest to exceed the sample size.
    • Both theoretical and simulation results verify the feasibility of our method.

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  • [1]
    Lauritzen S L. Graphical Models. London: Clarendon Press, 1996.
    [2]
    Belilovsky E, Varoquaux G, Blaschko M B. Testing for differences in Gaussian graphical models: Applications to brain connectivity. https://arxiv.org/abs/1512.08643.
    [3]
    Yuan M, Lin Y. Model selection and estimation in the Gaussian graphical model. Biometrika, 2007, 94: 19–35. doi: 10.1093/biomet/asm018
    [4]
    Fan J Q, Yang F, Wu Y. Network exploration via the adaptive lasso and scad penalties. The Annals of Applied Statistics, 2009, 3 (2): 521–541. doi: 10.1214/08-AOAS215SUPP
    [5]
    Friedman J, Hastie T, Tibshirani R. Sparse inverse covariance estimation with the graphical Lasso. Biostatistics, 2007, 9: 432–441. doi: 10.1093/biostatistics/kxm045
    [6]
    Meinshausen N, Bühlmann P. High-dimensional graphs and variable selection with the lasso. The Annals of Statistics, 2006, 34: 1436–1462. doi: 10.1214/009053606000000281
    [7]
    Cai T T, Liu W, Zhou H H. Estimating sparse precision matrix: Optimal rates of convergence and adaptive estimation. The Annals of Statistics, 2016, 44: 455–488. doi: 10.1214/13-AOS1171
    [8]
    Peng J, Wang P, Zhou N, et al. Partial correlation estimation by joint sparse regression models. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 2009, 104: 735–746. doi: 10.1198/jasa.2009.0126
    [9]
    Fan Y, Lv J. Innovated scalable efficient estimation in ultra-large Gaussian graphical models. The Annals of Statistics, 2016, 44: 2098–2126. doi: 10.1214/15-AOS1416
    [10]
    Zhang C H, Zhang S S. Confidence intervals for low dimensional parameters in high dimensional linear models. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, 2014, 76: 217–242. doi: 10.1111/rssb.12026
    [11]
    Jankov J, van de Geer S. Confidence intervals for high-dimensional inverse covariance estimation. Electronic Journal of Statistics, 2015, 9: 1205–1229. doi: 10.1214/15-EJS1031
    [12]
    Jankov J, van de Geer S. Honest confidence regions and optimality in high-dimensional precision matrix estimation. Test, 2017, 26: 143–162. doi: 10.1007/s11749-016-0503-5
    [13]
    Zhou J, Zheng Z, Zhou H, et al. Innovated scalable efficient inference for ultra-large graphical models. Statistics and Probability Letters, 2021, 173: 109085. doi: 10.1016/j.spl.2021.109085
    [14]
    Zhang X, Cheng G. Simultaneous inference for high-dimensional linear models. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 2017, 112: 757–768. doi: 10.1080/01621459.2016.1166114
    [15]
    Chernozhukov V, Chetverikov D, Kato K. Gaussian approximations and multiplier bootstrap for maxima of sums of high-dimensional random vectors. The Annals of Statistics, 2013, 41: 2786–2819. doi: 10.1214/13-AOS1161
    [16]
    Cai T T, Liu W, Xia Y. Two-sample test of high dimensional means under dependence. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series B(Statistical Methodology), 2014, 76: 349–372. doi: 10.1111/rssb.12034
  • 加载中

Catalog

    [1]
    Lauritzen S L. Graphical Models. London: Clarendon Press, 1996.
    [2]
    Belilovsky E, Varoquaux G, Blaschko M B. Testing for differences in Gaussian graphical models: Applications to brain connectivity. https://arxiv.org/abs/1512.08643.
    [3]
    Yuan M, Lin Y. Model selection and estimation in the Gaussian graphical model. Biometrika, 2007, 94: 19–35. doi: 10.1093/biomet/asm018
    [4]
    Fan J Q, Yang F, Wu Y. Network exploration via the adaptive lasso and scad penalties. The Annals of Applied Statistics, 2009, 3 (2): 521–541. doi: 10.1214/08-AOAS215SUPP
    [5]
    Friedman J, Hastie T, Tibshirani R. Sparse inverse covariance estimation with the graphical Lasso. Biostatistics, 2007, 9: 432–441. doi: 10.1093/biostatistics/kxm045
    [6]
    Meinshausen N, Bühlmann P. High-dimensional graphs and variable selection with the lasso. The Annals of Statistics, 2006, 34: 1436–1462. doi: 10.1214/009053606000000281
    [7]
    Cai T T, Liu W, Zhou H H. Estimating sparse precision matrix: Optimal rates of convergence and adaptive estimation. The Annals of Statistics, 2016, 44: 455–488. doi: 10.1214/13-AOS1171
    [8]
    Peng J, Wang P, Zhou N, et al. Partial correlation estimation by joint sparse regression models. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 2009, 104: 735–746. doi: 10.1198/jasa.2009.0126
    [9]
    Fan Y, Lv J. Innovated scalable efficient estimation in ultra-large Gaussian graphical models. The Annals of Statistics, 2016, 44: 2098–2126. doi: 10.1214/15-AOS1416
    [10]
    Zhang C H, Zhang S S. Confidence intervals for low dimensional parameters in high dimensional linear models. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, 2014, 76: 217–242. doi: 10.1111/rssb.12026
    [11]
    Jankov J, van de Geer S. Confidence intervals for high-dimensional inverse covariance estimation. Electronic Journal of Statistics, 2015, 9: 1205–1229. doi: 10.1214/15-EJS1031
    [12]
    Jankov J, van de Geer S. Honest confidence regions and optimality in high-dimensional precision matrix estimation. Test, 2017, 26: 143–162. doi: 10.1007/s11749-016-0503-5
    [13]
    Zhou J, Zheng Z, Zhou H, et al. Innovated scalable efficient inference for ultra-large graphical models. Statistics and Probability Letters, 2021, 173: 109085. doi: 10.1016/j.spl.2021.109085
    [14]
    Zhang X, Cheng G. Simultaneous inference for high-dimensional linear models. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 2017, 112: 757–768. doi: 10.1080/01621459.2016.1166114
    [15]
    Chernozhukov V, Chetverikov D, Kato K. Gaussian approximations and multiplier bootstrap for maxima of sums of high-dimensional random vectors. The Annals of Statistics, 2013, 41: 2786–2819. doi: 10.1214/13-AOS1161
    [16]
    Cai T T, Liu W, Xia Y. Two-sample test of high dimensional means under dependence. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series B(Statistical Methodology), 2014, 76: 349–372. doi: 10.1111/rssb.12034

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